This week in labor history: October 10-16

1933 – Six days into a cotton field strike by 18,000 Mexican and Mexican-American workers in Pixley, Calif., four strikers are killed and six wounded; eight growers were indicted and charged with murder.

1873 – The Miners’ National Association is formed in Youngstown, Ohio, with the goal of uniting all miners, regardless of skill or ethnic background.

1948 – Nearly 1,500 plantation workers strike Olaa Sugar, on Hawaii’s Big Island.

1898 – Company guards kill at least eight miners who are attempting to stop scabs in Virden, Ill. Six guards also are killed, and 30 persons wounded.

1933 – Some 2,000 workers demanding union recognition close down dress manufacturing in Los Angeles.
1976 – More than one million Canadian workers demonstrate against wage controls.

1934 – American Federation of Labor votes to boycott all German-made products as a protest against Nazi antagonism to Organized Labor within Germany.

1985 – More than 1,100 office workers strike Columbia University in New York City. The mostly female and minority workers win union recognition and pay increases.
1998 – National Basketball Association cancels regular season games for the first time in its 51-year history, during a player lockout. Player salaries and pay caps are the primary issue. The lockout lasted 204 days.
2000 – Hundreds of San Jose Mercury News newspaper carriers end four-day walkout with victory.

1883 – Int’l Working People’s Association founded in Pittsburgh, Pa.

1938 – The Seafarers Int’l Union (SIU) is founded as an AFL alternative to what was then the CIO’s National Maritime Union. SIU is an umbrella organization of 12 autonomous unions of mariners, fishermen and boatmen working on U.S.-flagged vessels.
2013 – Formal construction begins on what is expected to be a five-year, $3.9 billion replacement for the Tappan Zee Bridge over the Hudson River. It was estimated the project would employ 8,000 building trades workers over the span of the job.

1914 – President Woodrow Wilson signs the Clayton Antitrust Act — often referred to as “Labor’s Magna Carta” — establishing that unions are not “conspiracies” under the law. It for the first time freed unions to strike, picket and boycott employers. In the years that followed, however, numerous state measures and negative court interpretations weakened the law.

1793 – Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI, is beheaded during the French Revolution. When alerted that the peasants were suffering due to widespread bread shortages, lore has it that she replied, “Let them eat cake.” In fact she never said that, but workers were, justifiably, ready to believe anything bad about their cold-hearted royalty.

1859 – Abolitionist John Brown leads 18 men, including five free Blacks, in an attack on the Harper’s Ferry ammunition depot, the beginning of guerilla warfare against slavery.

(Compiled by David Prosten, founder of Union Communication Services)